Department of Justice Canada 

The Research and Statistics Division (RSD) at the Department of Justice produces and disseminates empirical research and statistical analysis. Click on the hyperlink below to view reports that have been posted to the website or click on the email address to request a pdf copy.


CAC/CYAC Evaluation Reports



Understanding the Development and Impact of Child Advocacy Centres
Research & Statistics Division, Department of Justice, Canada

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Understanding the Development and Impact of Child Advocacy Centres
Victims of Crime Research Digest No.11 (2017)


Evidence Supporting National Guidelines for Canada’s Child Advocacy Centres – Lorne D. Bertrand, Ph.D., Joanne J. Paetsch, B.A., John-Paul Boyd, M.A., LL.B., Nicholas Bala, LL.M., F.R.S.C

This project reviews national and international research to provide the evidence, background and context to support the rationale for each of the ten draft guidelines proposed for Canadian Child Advocacy Centres.

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Child Advocacy Centres and Child and Youth Advocacy Centres in Canada: National Operational Survey Results – Shanna Hickey

The Department of Justice designed this study to collect operational data such as the CACs/CYACs stage of development, the services they provide, and how they provide these services.

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Building Our Capacity: Children’s Advocacy Centres in Canada. Victims of Crime Research Digest: Issue No. 6

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Addressing the Needs of Child Victims and Their Families: the Role of the Victim Advocate – Melissa Northcott

This report examines the needs of child victims and their families and how various children’s advocacy centres (CACs) respond to these needs through victim support and advocacy services.

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Child Witnesses: Testimonial Aids

The Victims of Crime Research Digest is an annual bilingual publication of the Department of Justice, Canada, featuring short articles dedicated to victims of crime research. There are several articles that focus on child witnesses and testimonial aids.

Issue No. 11

Helping Victims Find their Voice: Testimonial Aids in Criminal Proceedings

Issue No. 9 

The Use of Closed-Circuit Television: The Experiences of Crown Prosecutors and Victim-Services Workers in the Ontario West Region

Issue No. 8 

  • The Use of Closed-Circuit Television: The Experiences of Child and Youth Witnesses in Ontario’s West Region
  • Identifying Young Victims in the Media in Canada: A Media Scan
  • Exclusion of the Public, Appointment of Counsel: Tools to Help Victim Witnesses in Canada’s North

Issue No. 2

Facilitating Testimony for Child Victims and Witnesses

Child Witnesses: Cross-Examination

The Examination and Cross-Examination of Children in Criminal Proceedings: A Review of the International Literature (2014) Tamara Jordan

This report examines how seven countries, Australia, New Zealand, England and Wales, the United States, South Africa, Israel and Norway, handle the examination and cross-examination of child witnesses in the criminal justice system.

To receive a copy of this report, send an email to sd

Information Sheets
“JustFacts” are developed by the Research and Statistics Division of the Department of Justice Canada.

JustFacts: Victimization of Indigenous Children and Youth (July 2017)

JustFacts: Sexual Assault (May, 2017)

JustFacts: Sexual Violations against Children and Child Pornography (May 2017)

JustFacts: Jordan – Statistics Related to Delay in the Criminal Justice System (Dec 2017)

Juristat Canada

This publication provides in-depth analysis and detailed statistics on a variety of topics and issues related to justice and public safety.

Juristat articles released in 2018 include:

  • Police-reported violence against girls and young women in Canada, 2017
  • Police-reported sexual assaults in Canada before and after #MeToo, 2016 and 2017
  • Family violence in Canada: A statistical profile, 2017
  • Victims of police-reported violence crime in Canada: National, provincial and territorial fact sheets, 2016

Building Knowledge Series – from a few years ago, a series of one page notes on data about child and youth victimization.


Acknowledgement: permission for the following research articles to be posted on this website was given by:
Martine Hébert, Ph.D.
Canada Research Chair in Interpersonal Traumas and Resilience
Co-chair Marie-Vincent Interuniversity Chair in Child Sexual Abuse

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder/PTSD in adolescent victims of sexual abuse: resilience and social support as protection factors.

Martine Hébert, Francine Lavoie, Martin Blais, and members of the PAJ team.

Cien Saude Colet. 2014 March; 19(3): 685–694.

Factors associated with resilience in preschoolers reporting sexual abuse: A typological analysis

Martine Hébert, Rachel Langevin & Florence Charest.

International Journal of Child & Adolescent Resilience: Vol. 2, No. 1, 2014, pp. 46-Journal of Child a

Cumulative childhood trauma, emotion regulation, dissociation, and behavior problems in school-aged sexual abuse victims (2018). 

Martine Hébert, Rachel Langevin & Essaïd Oussaïd

Published in final edited form as: J Affect Disord. 2018 January 01; 225: 306–312.

Gender as a predictor of posttraumatic stress symptoms and externalizing behaviour problems in sexually abused children.

Amélie Gauthier-Duchesne, Martine Hébert & Marie-Ève Daspe

Child Abuse and Neglect. 2017 February; 64: 79–88. 

Child sexual abuse as a risk factor for teen dating violence: Findings from a representative sample of Quebec youth

Martine Hébert, Catherine Moreau, Martin Blais, Francine Lavoie, & Mireille Guerrier.

J.Child Adolescent Trauma, 2017 March; 10(1): 51-61

Child Sexual Abuse, Bullying, Cyberbullying and Mental Health Problems among High School Students: A Moderated Mediated Model

Martine Hébert, Jude Mary Cénat, Martin Blais, Francine Lavoie and Mireille Guerrier.

Published in final edited form as: Depression and Anxiety. 2016 July; 33(7): 623–629.

Culpabilité chez les enfants victimes d’agression sexuelle : Le rôle médiateur des stratégies d’évitement sur l’anxiété et l’estime de soi

[Sense of guilt in sexually abused children: Mediating role of avoidance coping on anxiety and self-esteem] 

Amélie Gauthier-Duchesne, Martine Hébert & Marie-Ève Daspe

Published in final edited form as: Criminologie (Montr) 2017; 50(1): 181–201.

Note: Research Summaries are also available on the UQUAM website . Several are only available in French.